In the Giustiniani collection of antiquities, this portrait of a man with a severe expression, characterised by a fervent realism, appeared as a ‘pileated servant’, that is one bearing a pileus: a cap commonly worn by individuals of humble extraction.
Opting for a different interpretation of the headwear, similar to the Macedonian kausia, with the diadem considered a form of royal insignia and a symbol of power ever since Alexander the Great, the virile figure portrayed has traditionally been identified with Eutidemos I, a Hellenistic dynast who reigned over Battriana, a land once part of Alexander the Great’s empire.
Inventory: MT 133
Material: White marble
Technique: Work sculpted through the use of: chisels (also square-tipped and toothed) rasps
Origin: Giustiniani Collection